Paid work and gender equality

by Kendra Strauss // 1 March 2013, 05:46

Tags: gender equality, harassment, Liberal Democrats, money, pay gap, work

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There is a lot in the American press right now about women, men, paid work and gender equality in the workplace, most of which has come to my attention through Facebook (see, for example, 'Why Gender Equality Stalled' in the New York Times and 'Please Sheryl Sandberg, Don't Speak On Behalf Of Working Women' in Business Insider). At the same time, the allegations against Lord Rennard are front page news here in the UK, reminding us what many women face in the workplace if they do have the temerity to enter traditionally male-dominated spheres.

What many commentators note is that the actions of individual men and women mask the structural issues related to power; in other words, when we see the Lib Dems failing as a party and political institution to respond to 'non-specific rumours' of sexual harrashment we are seeing patriarchy in action. When feminists remark that gender inequalities in the workplace harm men too - by denying them time off to care for their children, or judging them 'uncommitted' to their job if they don't want to work long hours - they are highlighting the fact that patriarchy's pernicious effects are societal as well as individual.

Yet in many of these debates the underlying issue of the fundamentally exploitative nature of wage labour remains largely unquestioned. Kathi Week's recent book The Problem with Work: Feminism, Marxism, Antiwork Politics, and Postwork Imaginaries is an exception. Although an academic work, and thus not always accessible in terms of its style (but analytically sophisticated for anyone interested in feminist theory), it asks the question: has feminism abandoned the struggle against capitalism in general, and commodification in particular? Is waged work the goal in and of itself?

These are questions worth pondering. An academic myself, I'm lucky enough to have a job that I enjoy and am reasonably well-paid to boot, but my partner and I struggle with intractable problems around balancing two full-time careers and young children. The very intractability relates to systemic and structural dimensions of the socio-economic system we are part of, which our marriage - onto which many of these problems are loaded in the language of 'trade-offs' - cannot surmount. By all means let's fight as feminists for women's rights in the labour market, but let's not lose sight of the fact that the right to commodify our labour on equal terms should not be the only goal of feminism.

Image: Screengrab from LearnDirect.co.uk

Comments From You

Laura // Posted 01 March 2013 at 08:56

Hi Kendra,

I'd love to hear more of your thoughts on the fundamentally exploitative nature of wage labour if you have time to comment!

Viv // Posted 04 March 2013 at 11:38

Another great article on combining motherhood and work responsibilities (which may already have been highlighted on the F Word) is:
http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2012/07/why-women-still-cant-have-it-all/309020/1/

Yes, there is the issue that capitalism can be exploitative to many workers. And that is an issue that we need to address. But even if we lived in a socialist society this would not deal with some of the problems that I have encountered, namely that no one told me that for me being a mother would be something I am obsessive about and cannot put away when I am at work. And that to make my life work I would have to change my view of what my professional life would look like. These are things I have learnt and will teach my daughter - just in case she has the same inner need to be a full-time mum that battles with the need to play with spreadsheets and solve production problems. Then again... she might be completely different.

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