One Size Fits All?

// 15 December 2011

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A guest post from Hennie Weiss and Elin Weiss about the use of computer animated models in an H&M campaign


We all know that magazine and billboard models are heavily edited and airbrushed. Birthmarks, scars and other imperfections are deleted while legs are elongated, pounds are removed and teeth are whitened, to name only a few changes. Now the clothing conglomerate H&M are taking things a tad bit further.

In one of their recent ad campaigns a computer created body was used to showcase underwear, while the models’ heads were mounted onto this body and the skin colour of the virtual body was changed. The body was apparently that of one of their mannequins; photographed and then made to look human. After that the models heads were cut into the picture and the skin colour was altered to fit the model. H&M did not reveal this fact until it was exposed that the same body was used on all the models.

The body displayed in this ad campaign is of course a thin, highly athletic and firm body that still has curves and large breasts. What H&M are doing is promoting an ideal body that is very different from most women’s bodies. The ideals of the virtual body are not only difficult to live up to but are impossible to reach since this body does not exist in real life.

Now regular models’ bodies, according to the fashion industries ideals, are deemed so imperfect that they are becoming useless, while computer created bodies are replacing what is often considered the already perfect body. Therefore, not even the bodies of women who are considered extremely beautiful are now good enough for commercial use.

Not only do we take issue with the fact that the women’s bodies in the H&M ad are not real but instead technologically created, we are also disturbed by the fact that women’s bodies are never good enough and that H&M are promoting a one size fits all body, removing all varieties of body shapes.

Instead H&M are telling women that you will never look good enough and that the clothes women might buy are not made for them and not made to fit them. H&M are therefore promoting an idealized and distorted body image to women all over the world. When are women’s bodies ever good enough?

Hennie Weiss is currently pursuing a Master’s degree in Sociology. Elin Weiss has a Master’s degree in Women’s Studies. Their interests include feminism, gender, the sexualization of women and the portrayal of women in media.

Picture by ario_, shared under a creative commons licence. This shows an element of a screengrab of the controls for Wii avatar creation. There are two scales for manipulating the image: the top scale shows a shorter person shape on the left side and a taller person shape on the right, while the bottom scale shows a narrow person shape on the left side and a wider person shape on the right.

Comments From You

Jem M // Posted 15 December 2011 at 1:32 pm

Interesting article. I had noticed the use of this ‘fake’ body on their website but not seen the advertising. H&M do seem to favour the slimmer models and I’ve noticed a slip back to the obsession with size zero following a brief break after all the negative coverage.

Yet to reject even the ‘reality’ of the human model is taking things a worrying step too far imo!

But what can be done? Perhaps complaints about this advertising campaign is there a formal campaign against it?

Clodia // Posted 18 December 2011 at 3:17 pm

I too had noticed some regression to size zero, but computer generated bodies? Shame on you H&M! How sad and how sinister that no female body is “good enough” for your hard sell to women!

The truth of course is that without extensive cosmetic surgery or self starvation, woman tend to have bodies which are thin/athletic, but not very curvy, or larger breasted, curvy but not thin enough. That is what real women look like! Surely in the 21st century we can stop trying to pretend that women have to fit an ideal so remote that they have to use CGI to get it!

YoungFeminist // Posted 21 December 2011 at 12:09 pm

Great post! This sign of the future, and its scary. I am by nature not a perfectionist, nor are many humans, but the media creates this perfectionist ideal and its horrible. The womans body is beautiful and we deserve to have our real bodies displayed. This article shows that the already unrealistic body is now unattainable. According to H&M no woman body is good enough. Following the trend that a women must have perfect proportions god forbid, muscly legs or arms, size A boobs or a thick waist. Its horrendus that society may make normal women feel not good enough.

Lets not allow that and remember to believe that we are, in fact we are better then the people at H&M because were bloody real!

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