Gentrification threatens the future of the London Feminist Library
Emma Snaith investigates the potential eviction of the Feminist Library and the ongoing fight to save this vital resource
“You can’t evict the women who changed the course of history who are in the pages of this library! Keep women alive in our public spaces and in our public literature!”-
– Comment on the online petition to Save the Feminist Library from Eviction.
The Feminist Library faces eviction from the building on Westminster Bridge Road, London, that has housed it for 30 years, unless it meets Southwark Council’s demands for more than double its rent. The Council originally threatened to close down the library on the 1st March unless the library could raise enough to pay for the rent hikes, a date which also marked the start of women’s history month. The library now has until the end of October to sign the new lease or move out.
The potential closure of the library forces us to confront the question: are commercial needs prioritised over the need to preserve women’s history? And if so, will feminists and allies be left without physical access to their own history?
“If the Feminist Library is evicted from its current premises, Southwark Council will not only be guilty of cultural vandalism but also of silencing women”
News of the imminent eviction sparked much protest both off and online. More than 16,000 people have signed an online petition calling on Southwark Council to withdraw their eviction notice and hundreds of people staged a ‘read in’ outside Southwark Council’s budget meeting at the end of February. The campaign also attracted much support internationally, with notable feminists such as Gloria Steinem and Margaret Atwood tweeting in support of the library:
— Margaret E. Atwood (@MargaretAtwood) February 18, 2016
International organisations such as the Italian Women’s library and archives and centres of research on gender in Norway, Sweden, Belgium and the US also lent their support to the campaign.
Many supporters expressed outrage at the Council’s decision to evict the library. Dr Laura Schwartz, Associate Professor of Modern British History at the University of Warwick said,“If the Feminist Library is evicted from its current premises, Southwark Council will not only be guilty of cultural vandalism but also of silencing women.”
In response to these criticisms after the initial news of the eviction, Southwark Councillor Michael Situ stated, “Whilst we recognise and appreciate the fantastic work done by the library, we have a very clear duty to ensure (…) that we are being fair to other tenants who are paying open-market rent. We have also given the library the time to find alternative premises, and will continue to help them find an alternative location if we can.”
However the library were quick to point out that the decision to charge the Feminist library open-market rent flies in the face of Southwark Council’s recent volunteer sector strategy. The council published a report on the 10th February promoting a ‘thriving voluntary and community sector’. In fact the building that currently houses the feminist library was not even intended to be used for commercial purposes. The building was originally donated by the Greater London Council to Black, Asian and ethnic minority community groups.
Following the massive outpouring of support for the campaign to save The Feminist Library , Southwark Council agreed to extend the library’s eviction deadline until the 30th October. However the fight to save the library is far from over. Members of the library claim that the Council is committed to raising the library’s rent and has offered very limited help with the search to find new premises.
The Feminist Library already began to search for a new home last year and set up an emergency fund to help pay for the move. However as a volunteer-run, non-funded organisation, the library has found it difficult to find a space that is both suitable and affordable. It is therefore crucial that the council assists the library in this search and allows the organisation to stay in its current location until the money can be raised to move.
The potential closure of the Feminist Library does seem to fit with a troubling trend of gentrification in the borough
The volunteers who run the Feminist Library told The F-Word, “They [Southwark Council] have made it clear that there is no long-term future for the Library in our current home at 5 Westminster Bridge Road, and we are unclear how committed they are to keeping the Library in the borough […] When we have met with Southwark Council they have presented to us other properties they currently have to let [all at market rates], but it is unclear how suitable they would be for us.”
The volunteers suggest that Southwark Council’s reluctance to help the library is a symptom of the gentrification of the area: “Most people believe that Southwark wants us out so they can sell the site to erect luxury flats.”
The potential closure of the Feminist Library does seem to fit with a troubling trend of gentrification in the borough. The volunteers at the library point out that the building is located near the Aylesbury and Heygate Estates which have been the subject of significant struggles around gentrification. As a result, the Aylesbury Leaseholders’ Action Group have lent their support to the library.
The volunteers also note that just down the road from the Feminist Library, the recent ‘Elephant Park’ development in Elephant and Castle provides very little in the way of affordable housing. The development, situated on the site of the former Heygate estate, will include just 74 socially-rented homes out of a total of 2,500. However according to Southwark Council’s own planning policy, a scheme of this size would require 342 social lets to be provided.
More generally, the library’s precarious situation is reflective of the attacks on public services in recent years. Many women’s services in London have faced closures including the Lambeth Women’s Project, Peckham Black Women’s Centre and London Irish Women’s Centre. Moreover library campaigners predict that over 1,000 libraries in the UK will have been closed by 2016. In 2013 The Women’s Library, an archive of women’s history founded in the 1920s, was also closed as a women’s resource in its own building and moved to the London School of Economics.
The collection reveals the contributions of women of different ethnicities and class backgrounds to the movement, proving that the struggle for women’s rights has always been intersectional
Although the Feminist Library could move to a cheaper and more remote area of London, supporters of the library are keen to ensure that it remains in a central location. As the only library in the UK dedicated to preserving the history of grassroots feminist activism, it is vital that the Feminist library is accessible to as many people as possible.
The library is an internationally renowned archive of Women’s Liberation Movement literature, particularly second-wave materials dating from the late 1960s to the 1990s. The collection includes over 7,000 fiction and non-fiction books, 1500 periodical titles and a range of zines and posters.
Given that there is so little documentation of the history of feminist activism, these resources are vital to understanding and reclaiming the history of the feminist movement. They provide a counterpoint to traditional narratives of the Women’s Liberation Movement, which tend to ignore grassroots activism. In particular, the collection reveals the contributions of women of different ethnicities and class backgrounds to the movement, proving that the struggle for women’s rights has always been intersectional.
Dr Laura Schwartz described how the library had benefited her students: “Generations of my students have used it (the Feminist Library) for their academic research, as well as informing themselves about the continued oppression of women in our society and how to fight against it.”
The Feminist Library performs a vital function, by preserving the non-traditional, grass-roots history of feminism
Not only does the library support research activities, it also provides a space for meetings, events and exhibitions. Magda, a feminist library volunteer explained how the library was a place of community, “The library was where I first discovered other feminists, apart from those in books… it is an inviting events space for other, not strictly feminist, community groups.”
As property prices soar in London, the Feminist Library will undoubtedly struggle to afford market rent as an unfunded, volunteer-run organisation. Yet Southwark Council’s insistence on imposing a rent hike on the library to ensure fairness to other tenants of the building is clearly misguided. Although the library may not generate as much revenue as a commercial business, this does not mean that their work is less valuable.
The Feminist Library performs a vital function, by preserving the non-traditional, grass-roots history of feminism. For this reason the library can justify occupying a central location in London to enable as many feminists and allies as possible physical access their own history. Despite the success of the campaign to save the Feminist Library, it is only with the support of Southwark Council, which so far has not been forthcoming, that the library will remain in the heart of London.
Support the Feminist Library by donating to its emergency fund.
The Feminist Library is organising a Summer benefit on Saturday 2nd July to fundraise for new premises. This marks the start of ‘Anti-Gentrification Week’ a week-long program of events organised by the Library in partnership with other organisations feeling the damaging effects of gentrification.
[The first image is of a protest. A tall black woman wearing a bright green tartan coat speaks into a microphone. In the background are other women and a placard reading “Don’t evict the Feminist Library”.
The second image is of black and white postcards with various obscured images on them, including women’s faces and parts of their bodies.
The third image is another photograph of a protest where mostly white women of various ages read books and hold placards including, “Don’t erase our herstory” and “We won’t stand for 30 grand”.
The fifth image is a black and white photograph of women reading books and magazines.
All images belong to the Feminist Library and appear on the Feminist Library Facebook page, used here with permission.]